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Lucy Lee, born abt 1744
Home Up William Lee, born abt 1756 Frank Lee, born abt 1758 Lucy Lee, born abt 1744

Mary Lee Brady, Ph.D.










Lucy was older than Frank when George Washington purchased him and brother William from their deceased father John Lee's estate.  At Mount Vernon, Frank aged 13-14 and made to be Washington's butler in the Mansion House for which Lucy, at least 10 years older than him, was likely the cook or assistant cook to the famed Chef/cook Hercules who escaped slavery by emancipating himself.   

                                                                                                Chef Hercules 

First NameLast NameAgesRelationLocationOwner
AggyLeeEst. 35 years at time of GW 1799 will, & gave birth to 1st child Sinah by William est. 1786-1787, last child Joanna est. 1804.  Husband, William Lee sometime during or after 1786MansionMartha Washington Dower slave and freed after death of Martha in 1803; but not until 1824 per Fairfax Co. records
WilliamLeeEst. birth in 1750, 49 years at time of GW 1799 will. The will of 1786 list him as a shoemaker and lame.Wife, Aggy Lee per GW 1799 will. The 1st will of 1786 list him as not having a wife.MansionGeorge Washington offered freedom to William upon death in 1799, but William apparently declined to remain with Aggie.
Joe  ? Wife, SallMansionGeorge Washington
MikeLee Son of Lucy LeeMansionGeorge Washington
SinahLee Daughter of Aggy Lee, est. age 13-14 years at time of GW 1799 willMansionMarthaWashington    Dower Slave

as offspring of mother Aggy.

Sold in 1802 to Charles Thomas, Sinah's free husband:

apparently sold her to James Kenner:

who sold her to firm of Libby & Came who set her free on 10/8/1814

MimaWagoner Husband, Godfrey WagonerMansionMartha Washington Dower Slave
FrankLeeEst. birth abt. 1752 making him abt. 8 years younger than his wife, and step-father of Lucy's children Burwell and Caroline. The assumptions are that he fathered children by Lucy from abt. age 15 yrs until his death. Apparently died before 1799.Husband to LucyMansionGeorge Washington
Lucy Lee After death of George Washington in 1799. Lucy as a dower slave owned by Martha Washington was not freed until after her death in 1802. Lucy believed Martha's nephew and heir Bushrod Washington intended to sell her and/or daughter Grace  who was 12 years age to be used as a new breeder. Lucy and other Lee's lived free per George Washington's will in Virginia and MD where and when she and daughter Grace escaped from Mount Vernon but as dower slaves to Martha Washington they were  recaptured for slave breeding industry of Virginia.  MansionMartha Washington Dower Slave
GraceCarter Husband Juba Carter was an apparent stud leased out by Tobias Lear to impregnate Black female slaves to generate more slaves for use or sell, not unlike the practices of horse breeders. By the time of Civil War, the trade in slaves was largest industry in Virginia. MansionTobias Lear

George Washington's compiled a listing of his slaves in 1786 in which he listed Will as not having a wife at one of his plantations; and listed Frank as having a wife named Lucy.  In the listing of slaves six months before his death in 1799.

These relationships were determined by cross-reference to the 1810 Virginia census by family name; and making reference to the historical notes that following death of Washington and pursuant fears by Martha Washington that Washington's slaves might poison her to hasten their freedom, her nephew Bushrod Washington sent them away.  We suspect that Bushrod was one of the founders or Virginia sponsors of the American Colonization Society or even planners that helped establish "Bushrod Island" in Liberia that received its first colonists (ex-slaves and freemen) in year 1822. 

Research is still required to determine if any Lee descendents were among the emigrants to Liberia, and if so, were they there as Baptists or Episcopalians as we believe William and Frank were likely identified with?  The challenge and issue is significant in understanding the aspects of geography and timelines in understanding the evolvement of African-American families.

Monrovia (Liberia), city in western Liberia, capital of the country, on the Atlantic Ocean, at the mouth of the Saint Paul River. Situated on Bushrod Island and Cape Mesurado, it is the nation's chief port and commercial center. It has extensive docks and is served by nearby Roberts International Airport. Iron ore and rubber are major exports; substantial quantities of imports are transshipped to neighboring countries. Manufactures include processed food, refined petroleum, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and building materials.

The University of Liberia (founded in 1862), Cuttington University College (1889), and a college of technology (1978) are here.  Monrovia was founded in 1822 by the American Colonization Society as a refuge for freed slaves from North America; it was named in honor of United States president James Monroe. Large numbers of former slaves were resettled here in the 19th century. Monrovia became the scene of widespread looting and violence in the civil war following Liberian leader Samuel K. Doe's assassination in 1990; fighting among factions continued in the mid-1990s, sending many residents from the city. Population (1984) 421,058. "Monrovia (Liberia)," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99.

It is also a fact the Custis Estate had plantations in and around Richmond where the emancipated Lee men and women could have found employment.  Indicators are that Lucy and at least seven (7) of her children, grandchildren or offspring of her brother-in-law William were living free as adult heads of household in and between Fredericksburg and Richmond, Virginia.

Below research acquired via searching for George Washington and finding relative data such as:  






                Free Negro In Virginia: John Henderson Russell, Ph.D Dissertation1913


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